Colitis : Symptoms, Classification and Home remedies

Colitis means an inflammation of large intestine. Colon means intestine and itis means inflammation. Inflammation is characterized by redness, pain and swelling.

Let us have a look at what is mean by colitis, its symptoms, classification and home remedies to treat colitis.

What is Colitis?

Colitis is an inflammation of the large intestine.

Types of Colitis:

Colitis is of two types namely acute colitis and chronic colitis. Colitis refers to the swelling of the colon.

Symptoms of the colitis:

Colitis shows the following symptoms

  • Abdominal pain
  • Diarrhoea
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of appetite
  • Cramping
  • Bloating

Classification of colitis:

There are different types of colitis and are classified on the basis of etiology.

1. Autoimmune Colitis:

 Autoimmune type consists of
  • Inflammatory bowel disease – It is a type of chronic colitis.
  • Ulcerative colitis – it is a chronic colitis affecting the large intestine.
  • Crohn’s disease – It is an inflammatory bowel disease leading to colitis.

2. Idiopathic Colitis:

Idiopathic type consists of
  • Microscopic colitis – This type of colitis is diagnosed microscopically by the examination of the affected colonic tissue.
  • Lymphocytic colitis
  • Collagenous colitis

3. Iatrogenic Colitis:

Iatrogenic type consists of
  • Diversion colitis
  • Chemical colitis

4. Vascular disease Colitis:

Ischemic colitis  is the only type present under vascular disease.

5. Infectious Colitis:

Infectious colitis is present under this type of colitis ans is caused by infection.

Treatment for Colitis:

Infectious colitis can be treated by using anti-microbial agents.
Autoimmune mediated colitis can be treated by using immuno suppressants.
Severe colitis requires surgery in some cases.

Some of the home remedies to treat colitis can be viewed in the below video.

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